start stop bwd fwd  ?   ?   ?   ?  1/5  ?  1/5 1/5 1/5 start 1/5 stop


Working capacity is treated as functional abilities of a human; it is always characterized by effectiveness when work in a certain period of time.

Working capacity is an ability to do a certain type of work within established time-limit. Working capacity reflects a biological state of a human, his social importance. Fundamentals of working capacity are based on special knowledge, skills and competence, psychological and physiological peculiarities.

Working capacity depends on motivation, objections and opportunities. Working capacity is determined by 3 groups of inner and outer factors:

1.Physiological factors: gender, health, cardiovascular system, respiratory system;

2.Physical factors: working conditions, convenience of a work seat, harmful factors, schedule of work and rest;

3.Psychological factor: general physical and mental state, mood, motivation, endurance, emotional stability.

Basic characteristics of working capacity:

  • kicking into gear, doing work the best way, getting satisfaction from work;
  • volitional powers, a strong wish to succeed;
  • active life position, responsibility and creativity;
  • commitment of creative and physical power.

Working capacity is a variable value; it is closely connected with the changes observed in the human body.

Dynamics of working capacity

There are 3 periods of working capacity.

Period 1 – from 6 a.m. to 3 p.m when working capacity grows rapidly.

Period 2 – from 3 p.m. to 10 p.m when maximum working capacity is observed at 6 p.m.

Period 3 – from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m when working capacity is usually reduced by 3 a.m. and gets higher by 6 a.m.

Period of optimal performance:

From 6 a.m. to 7 a.m. – permanent memory works best of all.

From 8 a.m. to 9 a.m. – logical thinking works best of all.

From 9 a.m. to 10 a.m. - the best time to work with data and statistics.

From 11 a.m. to 12 a.m. – the best time for mental activity.

From 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. – the best time for lunch. Food is digested and adopted best of all.

From 12 a.m. to 6 p.m. – the best time to work actively.

From 9 p.m. to 11 p.m. – the best time to relax.

From 11 p.m. to 1 a.m. – the best time for recreation.

From 1 a.m. to 3 a.m. – the best time to reconstruct emotional state.

Changes in working capacity during the week: Monday is a warming-up period. Tuesday till Thursday is a period of high working capacity. Friday till Saturday is a period of progressing fatigue.

The list of simple rules to raise working capacity:

  • to do morning exercises;
  • to keep on an “information” diet (i.e. not to watch TV much, not to work much on the Internet, social nets, etc.);
  • to compile a plan for a day;
  • to carry out three top objectives;
  • to implement the most difficult tasks in the first turn;
  • to keep working place tidy;
  • to get enough sleep and to have a good rest;
  • not to be lazy and to do everything on time;
  • to have positive thinking.

Дополнительная информация